Demystifying Dental Radiographs: Unmasking the Myth of Radiation

One of the key concerns surrounding dental radiographs is radiation exposure. However, it's essential to know that the radiation used in dental radiography is exceptionally low.

When it comes to dental health, we often hear about the importance of regular check-ups, cleanings, and the occasional need for dental radiographs (commonly known as X-rays). Yet, some patients express concerns about the safety of these radiographs due to fears of radiation exposure. It’s time to demystify this aspect of dental care and understand that dental radiographs pose a minimal risk to your health.

Understanding Dental Radiographs

Dental radiographs are valuable diagnostic tools that allow your dentist to see what’s happening beneath the surface of your teeth and gums. They can reveal issues such as cavities, infections, bone loss, and even impacted teeth, which may not be visible during a regular oral examination.

Low Radiation Exposure

One of the key concerns surrounding dental radiographs is radiation exposure. However, it’s essential to know that the radiation used in dental radiography is exceptionally low, especially when compared to other medical imaging procedures. Dental X-rays produce a minimal amount of radiation, and modern equipment and techniques further minimize this exposure. The level of radiation used is considered safe for both adults and children.

On August 1, 2023, the American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology published “Patient Shielding During Dentomaxillofacial Radiography” in the Journal of the Amerian Dental Association. The committee reviewed reports from many radiation protection organizations in regard to dental x-rays.

Here’s what they had to say:

“Considering the absence of radiation-induced heritable effects in humans and the negligible dose to the gonads and fetus from dentomaxillofacial imaging, the committee recommends discontinuing shielding of the gonads, pelvic structures, and fetuses during all dentomaxillofacial radiographic imaging procedures. On the basis of radiation doses from contemporaneous maxillofacial imaging, the committee considered that the risks from thyroid cancer are negligible and recommends that thyroid shielding(lead apron) not be used during intraoral, panoramic, cephalometric, and cone-beam computed tomographic imaging.”

Benefits Outweigh Risks

While the radiation from dental radiographs is minimal, the benefits of having this diagnostic tool in your oral health arsenal far outweigh the risks. Dental X-rays can detect problems in their early stages, leading to more effective and less invasive treatments. They aid in the prevention and early detection of dental issues, potentially saving you from more extensive and costly dental procedures in the long run.

The Risk of Not Having Dental Radiographs

It’s worth noting that refusing dental radiographs when they are recommended by your dentist may pose more significant risks to your oral health. Dental issues can progress unnoticed and result in more substantial problems, discomfort, and potentially higher treatment costs in the future.

In Conclusion

Dental radiographs are a crucial tool in modern dentistry, allowing for early detection and effective treatment of various oral health issues. The minimal radiation exposure associated with dental X-rays should not deter you from seeking these essential diagnostic procedures. Your dentist will use the latest technology and safety measures to ensure that your dental radiographs are as safe as possible. Regular dental check-ups, along with radiographs when recommended, are fundamental to maintaining a healthy and radiant smile. Trust in the expertise of your dental professionals and embrace dental radiographs as an integral part of your oral health care journey.

Reference: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37530694/